Lecture 27: CNS
Learning and Memory

The Brain is Altered by Experience

We Store Enormous Amounts of Information in the Brain Some Simple Types of Learning Different Stages of Learning Seem to Take Place in Different Structures of the Brain

Accidents and Diseases Reveal Some of the Anatomy of Memory

Memory Storage Seems to be a Sequential Process with Several Steps
Short term memory -> Intermediate memory -> Long term memory
Memory Involves Changes in Synapses Long Term Memory Involves Protein Synthesis An Enriched Environment Promotes Brain Development More Information

Eric Chudler has an excellent elementary description of the language centers of the brain.

Roger Nicoll of UC San Francisco lets you participate in a virtual experiment studying long term potentiation.

Scientific American has produced 2 fine books on learning and memory and related brain function. The book by Squire and Kandel discusses classical psychological, electrical and biochemical techniques applied to the brain. The book by Posner and Raichle talks about new imaging techniques such as PET scans and MRI that can be applied to humans performing a mental tasks. Kandel was co-recipient of this year's Nobel prize and it is quite likely that the imaging techniques, which are producing a revolution in neurophysiology, will win a future Nobel prize.

UC Berkeley was a pioneer in studying the biochemical basis of memory and learning. If you want to read about it see:
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